Welcome to the Electrochemical Engineering Lab at Columbia University!

 

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Electrochemical technologies, such as batteries, are an integral part of modern life, and our group is interested in the fundamental principles underlying electrochemical systems.  We thrive to use this understanding to aid in the development of new processes and products.  Commonly, we focus on transport phenomena, electrode kinetics, and design.

Because electrochemical reactions are coupled to electrical current, their rates are relatively easy to measure, control, and to exploit for work.  Thus, methods based on electrochemical phenomena are ideal for sensors, energy storage and conversion, and microfabrication processes.  Furthermore, the use of electricity for oxidation and reduction may allow clean production of chemicals. Our group has diverse activities in terms of the applications, with a unifying focus on applying chemical engineering fundamentals to electrochemical systems. Concepts used to characterize and design electrochemical systems are both similar to and different from those used for chemical systems, and we welcome you to learn more.

 

Publications

168.  David C. Bock, Christopher J. Pelliccione, Wei Zhang, Janis Timoshenko, K. W. Knehr, Alan C. West, Feng Wang, Yan Li, Anatoly Frenkel, Esther S. Takeuchi, Kenneth J. Takeuchi, Amy C. Marschilok, “Size Dependent Behavior of Fe3O4 Crystals During Electrochemical (De)lithiation:   An In-Situ X-ray Diffraction, Ex-Situ X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy, Transmission Electron Microscopy, and Theoretical Investigation,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys,,19, 20867-20880  (2017). http://doi.org/10.1039/C7CP03312E

167.  Kevin W. Knehr, Christina A. Cama, Nicholas W. Brady, Amy C. Marschilok, Kenneth J. Takeuchi, Esther S. Takeuchi, and Alan C. West, “Simulations of Lithium-Magnetite Electrodes Incorporating Phase Change,” Electrochimica Acta, 238, 384 (2017).download

166.  Indrani Banerjee, Brittany Burrell, Cara Reed, Alan C. West, and Scott Banta, “Metals and Minerals as a Biotechnology Feedstock: Engineering Biomining Microbiology for Bioenergy Applications,” Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 45, 144 (2017). download

165.  Jingyang Guan, Sarah A. Berlinger, Xiaozheng Li, Zhongmou Chao, Victor Sousa e Silva, Scott Banta, and Alan C. West, “Development of Reactor Configurations for an Electrofuels Platform Utilizing Genetically Modified Iron Oxidizing Bacteria for the Reduction of CO2 to Biochemicals,” J. Biotechnology, 245, 21 (2017). download

164.  Nicholas W. Brady, Qing Zhang, K. W. Knehr, Ping Li, Amy C. Marschilok, Kenneth J. Takeuchi, Esther S. Takeuchi, and Alan C. West, “Discharge, Relaxation, and Charge Model for the Lithium Trivanadate Electrode: Reactions, Phase Change, and Transport,” J. Electrochem. Soc.,163, A2890 (2016). download

163. Alyson Abraham, Lisa Housel, Christianna N. Lininger, David Bock, Amy Marschilok, Alan C. West, Esther S. Takeuchi, Kenneth J. Takeuchi, “Investigating the Complex Chemistry of Functional Energy Storage Systems: The Need for an Integrative, Multiscale (Molecular to Mesoscale) Perspective,” ACS Central Science, 2, 380 (2016). download 

162.  Constantine Spanos, Sarah A. Berlinger, Aditya Jayan, Alan C. West, “Inverse Charging Techniques for Sulfation Reversal in Flooded Lead-Acid Batteries,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 163, A1612 (2016). download 

161. K. W. Knehr and Alan C. West, “Theoretical considerations for improving the pulse-power of a battery through the addition of a second electrochemically active material,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 163, A1576 (2016). download 

160.  David C. Bock, Christopher J. Pelliccione, Wei Zhang, Feng Wang,Jiajun Wang,Jun Wang, K. W. Knehr, Alan C. West, Amy C. Marschilok, Kenneth J. Takeuchi,and Esther S. Takeuchi, “Dispersion of Nanocrystalline Fe3O4 within Composite Electrodes: Insights on Battery-Related Electrochemistry,” ACS Appl. Materials and Interfaces, 8, 11418 (2016). download 

159.  Nicholas W. Brady, K. W. Knehr, Christina A. Cama, Christianna N. Lininger, Zhou Lin, Amy C. Marschilok, Kenneth J. Takeuchi, Esther S. Takeuchi, and Alan C. West, “Galvanostatic Interruption of Lithium Insertion into Magnetite: Evidence of Surface Layer Formation,” J. Power Sources, 321, 106 (2016). download 

158. Xiaozheng Li, Alan C. West, and Scott Banta, “Enhancing isobutyric acid production from engineered Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans cells via media optimization,” Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 113, 790 (2016). download

157.  Harun F. Ozbakir, David A. Sambade, Sudipta Majumdar, Linda Linday, Scott Banta, and Alan C. West, “Detection of 25-hydroxyvitamin D with an Enzyme Modified Electrode,” J. Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 7:193, doi:10.4172/2155-6210.1000193 (2016). download 

156.  Timothy Kernan, Sudipta Majumdara, Xiaozheng Li, Jingyang Guan, Alan C. West­, and Scott Banta, “Engineering the iron-oxidizing chemolithoautotroph Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans for biochemical production,” Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 113, 189 (2016). download

155.  K. W. Knehr, Nicholas W. Brady, Christina A. Cama, David C. Bock, Christianna N. Lininger, Amy C. Marschilok, Kenneth J. Takeuchi, Esther S. Takeuchi, and Alan C. West, “Modeling the mesoscale transport of lithium-magnetite electrodes using insight from discharge and voltage recovery experiments,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 62, A2817 (2015). download

 154.  K. W. Knehr, N. Brady, C. N. Lininger, C. Cama, D. Bock, A. Marschilok, K. J. Takeuchi, E. S. Takeuchi, and A. C. West,  “Mesoscale Transport in Magnetite Electrodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries,” Electrochemical Society Transactions, 67, 7-19 (2015). download 

153.  Ruixing Zhu, Michael Vallance, Saeed Khalehi Rahimian, and Alan C. West, “Galvanostatic Intermittent Titration Study of the Positive Electrode of a Na|Ni(Fe)-Chloride Cell,  J. Electrochem. Soc., 162, A2051 (2015). download 

152.   K. W Knehr, Christopher Eng,  Yu-chen Karen Chen-Weigart, Jun Wang, and Alan C. West, “Transmission X-ray microscopy of the galvanostatic growth of lead sulfate on lead: Impact of lignosulfonate,” Electrochimica Acta, 168, 346  (2015). download

151.   K. W. Knehr, Christopher Eng,  Yu-chen Karen Chen-Weigart, Jun Wang, and Alan C. West, “In situ transmission x-ray microscopy of the lead sulfate film formation on lead in sulfuric acid,” J. Electrochem. Soc.,162, A255 (2015). download

150.  Feng Qiao, and Alan C. West, “The impact of cations on nucleus density during Cu electrodeposition ,” Electrochimica Acta, 150, 8  (2014). download

149.  Xiaozheng Li, Roel Mercado, Sarah Berlinger, Scott Banta, and Alan C. West, ” Engineering Acidothiobacillus ferrooxidans Growth Media for Enhanced Electrochemical Processing,” AICHE Journal, 60, 4008 (2014). download 

148. Xiaozheng Li, Roel Mercado, Timothy Kernan, Alan C. West and Scott Banta,”Addition of Citrate to Acidothiobacillus ferrooxidans Cultures Enables Precipitate-Free Growth at Elevated pH and Reduces Ferric Inhibition,” Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 111, 1940 (2014). download

147.  Feng Qiao, Xiaoxuan Sun, and Alan C. West, “A Shielded Rotating Disk Setup With Improved Current Distribution,” J. Applied Electrochemistry, 44, 945 (2014). download 

146. Annamaria Vilinska, Satish Ponnurangam, Irina Chernyshova, Ponisseril Somasundaran, Damla Eroglu, Jose Martinez, and Alan C. West, “Stabilization of Silicon Carbide Micro- and Nanoparticle Dispersions in the Presence of Concentrated Electrolyte,” J. Colloid and Interface Science, 423, 48 (2014). download 

145.  Robert G. Bozic and Alan C. West, “Electrochemical Detection of Fourteen Common Munition Constituents,” J. Appl. Electrochem., 44, 293 (2014). download 

144. Damla Eroglu, Annamaria Vilinska, Ponisseril Somasundaran, Alan C. West,Use of Dispersants to Enhance Incorporation Rate of Nano-Particles into Electrodeposited Films,” Electrochimica Acta, 113, 628 (2013). download 

143. Damla Eroglu and Alan C. West, “Mathematical Modeling of Ni/SiC co-Deposition in the Presence of Cationic Dispersant,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 60, D354 (2013). download 

142. Liu Yang, Tanya Atanasova, Aleksandar Radisic, Johan Deconinck, Alan C. West, Philippe Vereecken, “Wafer-Scale Cu Plating Uniformity on Thin Cu Seed Layers, Electrochimica Acta, 104, 242  (2013). download 

141.  Feng Qiao, Brendan B. O’Brien, Kathleen A. Dunn, Alan C. West, “The effect of Fe(III)/Fe(II) redox couple on nucleus density during Cu electrodeposition process,”  J. Electrochem. Soc., 160 (6), D271 (2013). download 

140.  Igor Volov, Xiaoxuan Sun, Greeshma Gadikota, Ping Shi, Alan C. West, “Electrodeposition of Copper-Tin Film Alloys for Interconnect Applications,” Electrochimica Acta, 89, 792 (2013).  download

139.  Damla Eroglu, Annamaria Vilinska, Ponisseril Somasundaran, and Alan C. West, “Investigation of the Effect of a Cationic Polymer, Polyethyleneimine, on Ni/SiC Co-deposition,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 160, D35 (2013). download

138.  Asli Sahin, Wan-Ting Lin, Wendell O. Khunjar, Kartik Chandran, Scott Banta  and Alan C. West,, Electrochemical Reduction of Nitrite to Ammonia for Use in a Bioreactor,”  J. Electrochem. Soc., 160, G18 (2013). download

137. Igor Volov, Edward Swanson, Brendan O’Brien, Steven Novak, Kathleen Dunn, Alan C. West,” Pulse-plating of Copper-Silver Alloys for Interconnect Applications,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 159, D677 (2012).  download

136.  Wendall O. Khunjar, Asli Sahin, Alan C. West, Kartik Chandran, Scott Banta,  “Biomass Production from Electricity Using Ammonia as an Electron Carrier in a Reverse Microbial Fuel Cell.” PLoS ONE 7(9): e44846 (2012). download

135. Liu Yang, Aleksandar Radisic, Magi Nagar, Johan Deconinck, Philippe M. Vereecken, and Alan C. West, “Multi-Scale Modeling of Direct Copper Plating on Resistive non-Copper Substrates,” Electrochimica Acta, 78, 524 (2012). download

134. Damla Eroglu and Alan C. West, “Modeling of Reaction Kinetics and Transport in the Positive Porous Electrode in a Sodium-Iron Chloride Battery,” J. Power  Sources, 203, 211 (2012).  download

133. Igor Volov, Olivier Mann, and Alan C. West, “Chromatography of bis-(3-sulfopropyl) disulfide and Its Breakdown Products by HPLC Coupled with Electrochemical Detection,” J. Separation Science, 34, 2385 (2011). download

132.  Jun Wu, Jong Pil Park, Kevin Dooley, Donald M. Cropek, Alan C. West, and Scott Banta, “Rapid development of new protein biosensors utilizing peptides obtained via phage display,” PloS One, 6, e24948 (2011). download

131.  Asli Sahin, Kevin Dooley, Donald M. Cropek, Alan C. West, and Scott Banta,”A Dual Enzyme Biosensor for Detection of Organophosphorus Compounds using Organophosphorus Hydrolase and Horseradish Peroxidase,” Sensors and Actuators. B., 158, 353 (2011).  download

130. Igor Volov and Alan C. West, “Interaction between SPS and MPS in the Presence of Ferrous and Ferric Ions,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 158, D456 (2011). download

129.  Igor Volov, Tadashi Saito, and Alan C. West, “Investigation of Cu Plating and Additive Interactions in the Presence of Fe2+/Fe3+ Redox Couple,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 158, D384 (2011). download

128.  Zhengwei Liu and Alan C. West, “Modeling of Galvanostatic Pulse and Pulsed Reverse Electroplating of Gold,” Electrochimica Acta, 56, 3328  (2011). download

127. Zhengwei Liu, Min Zheng, Robert D. Hilty, and Alan C. West, “The Effect of Pulse Reversal on Morphology of Cobalt Hard Gold,” Electrochimica Acta, 56, 2546  (2011). download

126. Jennifer L. Wade, Catherine Lee, Alan C. West, and Klaus S. Lackner, “Composite Electrolyte Membranes for CO2 Separation at High Temperatures,” J. Memb. Sci., 369,20 (2011). download

125. Zhengwei Liu, Jun Wu, Alan C. West, “Electrochemical Quartz Crystal Microbalance (EQCM) Studies of Gold Oxidation in Cyanide Baths,” Electrochemical and Solid State Letters, 14, D1 (2011). download

124. Ugur Emekli and Alan C. West, ”Simulation of Electrochemical Nucleation in the Presence of Additives under Galvanostatic and Pulse Plating Conditions,” Electrochimica Acta, 56, 977 (2010).download

123. Jun Wu, Donald M. Cropek, Alan C. West and Scott Banta, “Development of Troponin I biosensor using a peptide obtained through phage display,” Anal. Chem., 82, 8235 (2010). download

122. Ugur Emekli and Alan C. West,Simulation of the Effect of Additives on Electrochemical Nucleation,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 157, D479 (2010). download

121. Zhengwei Liu, Min Zheng, Bob Hilty, Alan C. West, “Effect of Microstructure and Hydrogen Evolution on Porosity of Electroplated Cobalt Hard Gold,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 157, D411 (2010). download

120. Ugur Emekli and Alan C. West,Electrochemical Nucleation of Copper: The Effect of Polyethylene Glycol,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 157, D257 (2010). download

119. Jeng-Yu Lin and Alan C. West, “Adsorption-Desorption Study of Benzotriazole in Phosphate-Based Electrolyte for Cu Electrochemical Mechanical Planarization,” Electrochimica Acta, 55, 2325 (2010). download

118.  R. J. von Gutfeld, Joshua W. Gallaway, and Alan C. West, “In situ Immersion Plating of Copper and Nickel on Aluminum using Laser Pulses for Oxide Removal,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 156, D564 (2009). download

117. Joshua W. Gallaway and Alan C. West, “The Effect of Acid on Superconformal Filling in 100 nm Trenches,” J. Vacuum Science and Technology B, 27, 2200 (2009). download

116. Joshua W. Gallaway, Mark J. Willey, and Alan C. West, “Copper Filling of 100 nm Trenches using PEG, PPG, and a Triblock Copolymer as Plating Suppressors,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 156, D287 (2009). download

115.  Kristin G. Shattuck and  Alan C. West,“An Investigation of Phosphate Based ECMP Electrolyte Performance on Feature Scale Planarization,” J. Appl. Electrochem.,39, 1719 (2009) download

114. Joshua W. Gallaway, Mark J. Willey, and Alan C. West, “Acceleration Kinetics of PEG, PPG, and a Triblock Copolymer by SPS during Copper Electroplating,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 156, D146 (2009). download

113.  Ugur Emekli and Alan C. West, “Effect of Additives and Pulse Plating on Copper Nucleation onto Ru,” Electrochimica Acta, 54, 1177 (2009). download

112.  Xiaojun J. Chen, Alan C. West, Donald M. Cropek, Scott Banta, “Fundamental Studies on the Detection of the Superoxide Radical Using Various Alkanethiol Monolayers and Immobilized Cytochrome C,” Anal. Chem., 80, 9622 (2008). download

111.  Alan C. West and Robert J. von Gutfeld, “Electrodeposition onto Oxide-Coated Substrates,” ECS Transactions, 16 (13), 59 (2008). download

110.  Owen Crowther and Alan C. West, “Effect of Electrolyte Composition on Lithium Dendrite Growth,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 155, A806 (2008). download

109.  Joshua W. Gallaway and Alan C. West, “PEG, PPG, and Their Triblock Copolymers as Suppressors in Copper Electroplating,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 155 , D632 (2008). download

108.  Robert von Gutfeld and Alan C. West, “In Situ Oxide Removal from Aluminum by Laser Pulses Followed by Electroplating,” Electrochemical and Solid State Letters, 11, D65 (2008). download

107.  Kristin G. Shattuck, Jeng-Yu Lin, Paula Cojocaru, Alan C. West, “Characterization of Phosphate Electrolytes for Use in Cu Electrochemical Mechanical Planarization,” Electrochimica Acta, 53, 8211 (2008). download

106.  Alonso Lozano-Morales,Heather McCrabb, E. Jennings Taylor,Alan C. West, “Variation of Counterelectrode Size to Control Current Distribution in Parallel Plate Cells,” J. Appl. Surface Finishing, p. 34 (March, 2008).

105.  Jeng-Yu Lin, Alan C. West, and Chi-Chao Wan, “Adsorption and Desorption Studies of Glycine and Benzotriazole during Cu Oxidation in a Chemical Mechanical Polishing Bath,” J. Electrochem. Soc, 155, H396 (2008). download

104. Robert Bozic, Alan C. West, and Rastislav Levicky, “Square Wave Voltammetric Detection of 2,4,6-Trinitro-Toluene and 2,4-Dinitro-Toluene on a Gold Electrode Modified with Self Assembled Monolayers,” Sensors and Actuators B, 133, 509 (2008). download

103. Jeng-Yu Lin, Alan C. West, and Chi-Chao Wan, Yung-Yun Wang “Evaluation of Post-Cu CMP Cleaning of Organic Residues Using Microfluidic Device,” Electrochemistry Communications, 10, 677 (2008). download

102.  Mark J. Willey, Ugur Emekli, and Alan C. West, “Uniformity Effects when Electrodepositing Cu onto Resistive Substratesin the Presence of Organic Additives ,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 155, D302 (2008). download

101.  R. J. von Gutfeld and Alan C. West, “Copper Plating on Titanium Alloy 6-2-4-2 using an in situ High Voltage Pulse Followed by Plate-up,” J. Applied Electrochemistry, 38, 531 (2008). download

100.  Jennifer L. Wade, Klaus S. Lackner, Alan C. West, “Transport Model for a High Temperature, Mixed Conducting CO2 Separation Membrane,” Solid State Ionics, 178, 1530 (2007). download

99. Mark J. Willey and Alan C. West, “Nucleation on Resistive Substrates: Analysis of Effect on Film Uniformity,” Electrochimica Acta, 52, 6484 (2007). download

98. R. J. von Gutfeld and Alan C. West, “Voltage Oxide Removal for Plating: A New Method of Electroplating Oxide Coated Metals in situ.” J. Vacuum Science and Technology A, 25, 319 (2007). download

97. Mark J. Willey, Jon Reid, and Alan C. West, “Adsorption Kinetics of Polyvinylpyrrolidone during Copper Electrodeposition,” Electrochemical and Solid State Letter, 10, D38 (2007). download

96. Mark J. Willey and Alan C. West, “SPS Adsorption and Desorption during Copper Electrodeposition and its Impact on PEG Adsorption,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 154, D156 (2007). download

95. Mark J. Willey and Alan C. West, “Microfluidic Studies of Adsorption and Desorption of Polyethylene Glycol during Copper Electrodeposition,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 153, C728 (2006). download

94. P. Grace Chao, Alan C. West, Clark T. Hung “Chondrocyte Intracellular Calcium, Cytoskeletal Organization and Gene Expression Responses to Dynamic Osmotic Loading,” American Journal of Physiology- Cell Physiology, 291, C718 (2006). download

93. Mark J. Willey and Alan C. West, “A Microfluidic Device to Measure Electrode Response to Changes in Electrolyte Composition,” Electrochemical and Solid State Letters, 9, E17 (2006). download

92. Bulent M. Basol and Alan C. West, “Study on Mechanically Induced Suppression and Super Filling Mechanisms,” Electrochemical and Solid State Letters, 9, C77 (2006). download

91. Alan C. West, Ingrid Shao, Hariklia Deligianni,”Numerical Simulation of Electrochemical Planarization of Copper Overburden,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 152, C652 (2005). download

90. Min Zheng, Mark Willey and Alan C. West, ”Electrochemical Nucleation of Copper on Ruthenium: Effect of Cl, PEG and SPS,” Electrochemical and Solid State Letters, 8, C151 (2005). download

89. Jong-Min Lee and Alan C. West, “Impact of Pulse Parameters on Current Distribution in High Aspect Ratio Vias and Through-Holes, J. Electrochem. Soc., 152, C645 (2005). download

88. Preethi Pratap, Allen Hunter, and Alan West, “Remote Instrumentation,” in Invention and Impact: Building Excellence in Undergraduate STEM Education, AAAS, Washington (2005).

87. R. Betti, A. C. West, G. Vermaas, and Y.Cao, “Corrosion and Embrittlement in High-Strength Wires of Suspension Bridge Cables,” ASCE J. Bridge Engineering, 151, (March/April 2005). download

86. Alan C. West, Panos Andricacos, and Lili Deligianni “Electrochemical Planarization of Interconnect Metallization,” IBM J. Res. Devel., 49, 37 (2005). download

85. P. Grace Chao, Zhongliang Tang, Elsa Angelini, Alan C. West, Kevin D. Costa, Clark T. Hung, “Dynamic Osmotic Loading of Cells Using a Novel Microfluidic Device,” Journal of Biomechanics, 38, 1273 ( 2005). download

84. Min Zheng, Mark Willey, Hongyu Song, and Alan C. West, “Copper Electrodeposition onto Titanium and Other Substrates: Effect of Bath Composition,” Electrochemical Society Proceedings, edited by L. Deligianni et al., Electrochemical Society, Pennington, NJ (2004).

83. Edward F. Leonard, Alan C. West, Nina C. Shapley, and Mona U. Larsen, “Dialysis without Membranes: How and Why,” Blood Purification, 22, 92 (2004). download

82. Min Zheng and Alan C. West, “Simulation of the Influence of Reactant Depletion on Nucleation Rate in Electrodeposition,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 151, C502 (2004). download

81. Jong-Min Lee, John. T. Hachman, James J. Kelly, and Alan C. West, “Improvement of Current Distribution on Substrates for MicroElectroMechanical Systems,” J. Microlithography, Microfabrication, and Microsystems, 3, 146 (2004). download

80. Yang Cao, G.W. Vermaas, R. Betti, A.C. West, P.F. Duby, “Corrosion and Degradation of High-Strength Steel Bridge Wire,” Corrosion, 59, 547 (2003).

79. Yang Cao, Jong-Min Lee, and Alan C. West, “Designs for Minimizing Resistive Substrate Effects on Wafer Metallization,” Plating and Surface Finishing, 90(11), 40 (November, 2003).

78. Zhongliang Tang, Grace Chao, Aurea Tucay, Erica Takai, Djordje Djukic, Mary Laura Lind, Clark Hung, Edward Guo, Alan West, Richard Osgood, and James T. Yardley, “XYZ on a Chip: Nanoscale Fabrication, Fluidics, and Optics Directed toward Applications within Biology and Medicine,” in Organic Nanophotonics, F. Charra et al, Editors, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Amsterdam (2003).

77. Aleksandar Radisic, Yang Cao, Premratn Taephaisitphongse, Alan C. West, and Peter C. Searson, “Direct Copper Electrodeposition on TaN Barrier Layer,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 150, C362 (2003). download

76. Zhongliang Tang, Seungbae Hong,Djordje Djukic, Vijay Modi, Alan C. West,James Yardley, and Richard M. Osgood, “Electrokinetic Flow Control for Composition Modulation in a Microchannel,” J. Micromechanics and Microengineering, 12(6), 870 (2002). download

75. Seungbae Hong, Zhongliang Tang, Djordje Djukic, Aurea Tucay, Sasha Bakhru,  Richard Osgood, James Yardley, Alan C. West, and Vijay Modi, “Simulation and Experimental Validation of Electroosmotic Flow in a Microfluidic Channel,” Proceedings of the 7th IEEE Conference on MEMS (2002).

74. Yang Cao and Alan C. West, “Nucleation and Three-Dimensional Growth: Deviation from Diffusion Control,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 149, C223 (2002). download

73. Radek Chalupa, Yang Cao, and Alan C. West, “Unsteady Diffusion Effects in Electrodeposition in Submicron Features,” J. Applied Electrochem., 32, 135 (2002). download

72. Aleksandar Radisic, Alan C. West, and Peter C. Searson, “Influence of Additives on Nucleation and Growth of Copper on n-Si(111) from Acidic Sulfate Solutions,” J. Electrochem. Soc, 149, C94 (2002). download

71. Yang Cao and Alan C. West, “Direct Numerical Simulation of Nucleation and Three-Dimensional, Diffusion-Controlled Growth on Microelectrodes,” J. Electroanalytical Chem., 514, 103 (2001). download

70. Alan C. West, Steven Mayer, and Jonathan Reid, “A Superfilling Model that Predicts Bump Formation,” Electrochemical and Solid State Letters, 4, C50 (2001). download

69. S. Calabrese Barton, T. Patterson, E. Wang, T. F. Fuller, and A. C. West, “Mixed-Reactant, Strip-Cell Direct Methanol Fuel Cells,” J. Power Sources, 96/2, 329 (2001). download

68. Yang Cao, Premratn Taephaisitphongse, Radek Chalupa, Alan C. West, “A Three-Additive Model of Superfilling of Copper,” J. Electrochem. Soc, 148, C466 (2001). download

67. Premratn Taephaisitphongse, Yang Cao, Alan West , “Electrochemical and Fill Studies of a Multi-Component Additive Package for Copper Deposition,” J. Electrochem. Soc, 148, C492 (2001). download

66. Jonathon E. Spanier, Alan C. West, and Irving P. Herman, “Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy of 6H-SiC in Aqueous Hydrofluoric Acid,” J. Electrochem. Soc, 148, C663 (2001). download

65. Yang Cao, Peter Searson, and Alan C. West, “Direct Numerical Simulation of Nucleation and Three-Dimensional, Diffusion-Controlled Growth,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 148, C376 (2001). download

64. S. Calabrese Barton and A. C. West, “Electrodissolution of Zinc at the Limiting Current,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 148, A490 (2001). download

63. S. Calabrese Barton and A. C. West, “Electrohydrodynamic Impedance in the Presence of Nonuniform Transport Properties,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 148, A381 (2001). download

62. Radek Chalupa, Mingyong Chen, Vijay Modi, and Alan C. West, “Limiting Current Density on a Line Electrode in Impinging Slot Jet Flows,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 148, E92 (2001). download

61. Radek Chalupa. Mingyoung Chen, Vijay Modi, and Alan C. West, “High Schmidt Mass Transfer in Turbulent Slot Jet Flows,” Int. J. Heat and Mass Transfer, 44, 3775 (2001). download

60. Vijay Modi and Alan C. West, “Mass Transfer Problems in Electrochemical Systems,” Proceedings of the Fourth ISHMT-ASME Heat and Mass Transfer Conference, 117 (2000).

59. Mingyoung Chen, Radek Chalupa, Alan C. West, and Vijay Modi, “High Schmidt Number Mass Transfer in Laminar Slot Jet Flows,” Int. J. Heat and Mass Transfer, 43, 3907 (2000). download

58. Alan C. West, “Theory of Filling of High-Aspect Ratio Trenches and Vias in Presence of Additives,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 147, 227 (2000). download

57. S. Calabrese Barton, Garry W. Vermaas, Paul F. Duby, Alan C. West, and Raimondo Betti, “Accelerated Corrosion and Embrittlement of High-Strength Bridge Wire,” Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 12, 33 (2000). download

56. James J. Kelly and Alan C. West , “Experimental and Numerical Study of Leveling of Submicron Features by Organic Additives,” in Electrochemical Processing in ULSI Fabrication and Semiconductor/Metal Deposition II,” edited by P.C. Andricacos, et al., PV 99-9, Electrochemical Society, Pennington, NJ (1999).

55. Alan C. West, Ahmed Shehata, and Vijay Modi, ”Mathematical Modeling of Electrodeposition Processes for ULSI Copper-Interconect Technology” in Tutorials in Electochemical Engineering-Mathematical Modeling, edited by R. V. Savinell, A. C. West, J. M. Fenton, and H. Wiedner, PV 99-14, Electrochemical Society, Pennington, NJ (1999).

54. James J. Kelly and Alan C. West, “Leveling of 200-nm Features by Organic Additives,” Electrochemical and Solid State Letters, 2, 561 (1999). download

53. James J. Kelly, Chunyan Tian, and Alan C. West, “Leveling and Microstructural Effects of Additives for Copper Electrodeposition,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 146, 2540 (1999). download

52. S. Calabrese Barton, T. Patterson, E. Wang, T. F. Fuller, and Alan C. West, “Electrode Performance and Design for Strip-Cell Direct Methanol Fuel Cells,” in Proton Conducting Membrane Fuel Cells (2nd International Symposium), edited by S. Gottesfeld, T. F. Fuller, G. Halpert, PV 98-27, Electrochemical Society, Pennington, NJ (1999).

51. Brett C. Baker and Alan C. West, “A Flow Modulation Study of Nickel-Iron Codeposition,” Electrochimica Acta, 44, 1567 (1999). download

50. James J. Kelly and Alan C. West, “Design Tools for Electrodeposition in the Presence of Additives,” Electrochemical Processing in ULSI Fabrication I and Interconnect and Contact Metallization, edited by P. Andricacos et al., PV 98-6, Electrochemical Society, Pennington, NJ (1999).

49.  J. Deliang Yang, Vijay Modi, and Alan C. West, “Analysis of Mass Transfer and Fluid Flow for Electrochemical Processes,” Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry, 32, edited by B. E. Conway et al., (1999).

48. Ahmed Shehata, J. Deliang Yang, Alan C. West, and Vijay Modi, “Effect of an Unsteady External Flow on Mass Transfer to Cavities,” Int. J. Heat and Mass Transfer, 42, 673 (1999). download

47. Roberto Vidal and Alan C. West, “Aluminum and Aluminum Alloy Dissolution in Concentrated Phosphoric Acid,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 145, 4067 (1998). download

46. Scott A. Calabrese Barton, Bryan L. Murach, Thomas F. Fuller, and Alan C. West, “A Methanol Sensor for Portable, Direct Methanol Fuel Cells,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 145, 3783 (1998). download

45. James J. Kelly, Christopher J. Durning, and Alan C. West, “Effect of Current Distribution on Quartz Crystal Microbalance Measurements,” Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 502, 145 (1998).

44. James J. Kelly and Alan C. West, “Copper Deposition in the Presence of Polyethylene Glycol.  2. Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy Study,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 145, 3477 (1998). download

43. James J. Kelly and Alan C. West, “Copper Deposition in the Presence of Polyethylene Glycol.  1. Quartz Crystal Microbalance Study,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 145, 3472 (1998). download

42. Alan C. West, Chin-Chang Cheng, and Brett C. Baker, “Pulse Reverse Copper Electrodeposition in High Aspect Ratio Trenches and Vias,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 145, 3070 (1998). download

41. Qian Chen, Vijay Modi, and Alan C. West, “The Influence of Fluid Flow on Leveling,” J. Applied Electrochemistry, 28, 579 (1998). download

40. Alan C. West and Stephen J. Lombardo, “The Role of Thermal and Transport Properties on the Binder Burnout of Injection Molded Ceramic Components,” Chemical Engineering Journal, 71, 243 (1998). download

39. Tamer Wasfy, Alan C. West, and Vijay Modi, “Parallel Finite Element Computation of Unsteady Incompressible Flows,” Int. J. Numerical Methods in Fluids, 26, 17 (1998). download

38. Chin-Chang Cheng and Alan C. West, “Flow Modulation for Studies of Leveling Agents,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 145, 560 (1998). download

37. James J. Kelly, K. M. Anisur Rahman, Christopher J. Durning, and Alan C. West, “Effect of Current Distribution on Quartz Crystal Microbalance Measurements,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 145, 492 (1998). download

36. Phillipe Desprez,Michael Matlosz, J. Deliang Yang,and Alan C. West, “Estimation of Front Velocity in Electrodeposition onto Highly Resistive Substrates,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 145, 165 (1998). download

35. R. Betti. M. P. Bieniek, P. F. Duby, A. C. West, S. C. Barton, and G. Vermaas, “Accelerated Corrosion and Hydrogen Embrittlement Tests on High Strength Bridge Wires,” in Recent Advances in Bridge Engineering: Advanced Rehabilitation, Durable Materials, Nondestructive Evaluation and Management, U. Meier and R. Betti, Eds. Columbia University, New York (1997). download

34. J. Deliang Yang, Ahmed Shehata, Vijay Modi, and Alan C. West, “Mass Transfer to a Channel Wall Downstream of a Cylinder,” Int. J. Heat and Mass Transfer, 40, 4263 (1997). download

33. Chin-Chang Cheng and Alan C. West, “Nickel Deposition in the Presence of Coumarin: An Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy Study,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 144, 3050 (1997). download

32. J. Deliang Yang and Alan C. West, “Current Distributions Governed by Coupled Concentration and Potential Fields,” AIChE Journal, 43, 811 (1997). download

31. Brett C. Baker and Alan C. West, “Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy Study of Nickel-Iron Deposition.  2.  Theoretical Interpretation,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 144, 169 (1997). download

30. Brett C. Baker and Alan C. West, “Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy Study of Nickel-Iron Deposition.  1.  Experimental Results,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 144, 164 (1997). download

29. Roberto Vidal and Alan C. West, “High Rate Dissolution of Copper in Cupric-Sulfate Electrolytes,” Electrochimica Acta, 41, 2417 (1996). download

28. Alan C. West and Thomas F. Fuller, “The Influence of Rib Spacing in Proton-Exchange Membrane Electrode Assemblies,” J. Appl. Electrochem., 26, 557 (1996). download

27. Benoit DeBecker and Alan C. West, “Workpiece, Pattern, and Feature-Scale Current Distributions,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 143, 486 (1996). download

26. Roberto Vidal and Alan C. West, “An Electrochemical Study of Copper Electropolishing in Concentrated Phosphoric Acid,” Electrochemical Microfabrication, edited by Madhav Datta et al., Electrochemical Society, Pennington, NJ (1995).

25. Benoit DeBecker, Deliang Yang, Paul Duby, Vijay Modi, and Alan C. West, “Mass-transfer-Limited Current Distributions on Electrode Arrays in Presence of a Shear Flow,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 142, 3413 (1995). download

24. Benoit DeBecker, Paul Duby, Vijay Modi, and Alan C. West, “Mass Transfer to a Line Electrode in Presence of Periodic Fluid Flow,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 142, 3001 (1995). download

23. Alan C. West, Benoit DeBecker, and Deliang Yang, “The Simulation of Mass-Transfer Effects in Electrochemical Systems,” in Fundamentals of Electrochemical Process Design: A Tutorial, edited by Jan B. Talbot and James Fenton, PV 95-11, Electrochemistry Society, Pennington, NJ (1995).

22. Roberto Vidal and Alan C. West, “Copper Electropolishing in Concentrated Phosphoric Acid. II. Theoretical Interpretation,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 142, 2689 (1995). download

21. Roberto Vidal and Alan C. West, “Copper Electropolishing in Concentrated Phosphoric Acid. I. Experiment Findings,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 142, 2682 (1995). download

20. Xiaodong Wang, Vijay Modi, and Alan C. West, “Limiting Current Density in Presence of Tangential, Oscillating Fluid Flow,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 141, 2753 (1994). download

19. Roberto Vidal, Paul Duby, and Alan C. West, “A Mathematical Model of Ionic Transport in a Porous Diaphragm of a Chrome-Alum Cell,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 25(3), 351 (1994). download

18. Alan C. West and Michael Matlosz, “A Boundary-Element Method for Transient Diffusion,” J. Applied Electrochemistry, 24, 261 (1994). download

17. Roberto Vidal, Paul Duby, and Alan C. West, “Transport and Chemistry Within the Separator of a Chrome-Alum Electrowinning Process” in EPD Congress 1994, G. W. Warren, editor, The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society, Warrendale, Pennsylvania (1994).

16. Alan C. West, “Comparison of Modeling Approaches for a Porous Salt Film,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 140, 403 (1993). download

15.  Alan C. West, “Ohmic Interactions Within Electrode Ensembles,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 140, 134 (1993). download

14. A. C. West, C. Madore, M. Matlosz, and D. Landolt, “Shape Changes During Through-Mask Electrochemical Etching of Thin Metal Films,” Electrochemical Microfabrication, edited by Madhav Datta et al., PV 92-3, Electrochemistry Society, Pennington, NJ (1992).

13. A. C. West, R.-D. Grimm, D. Landolt, C. Deslouis, and B. Tribollet, “Electrohydrodynamic Impedance Study of Anodically Formed Salt Films on Iron in Chloride Solutions,” J. Electroanalytical Chem., 330, 693 (1992). download

12. R.-D. Grimm, A. C. West and D. Landolt, “AC Impedance Study of Anodically Formed Salt Films on Iron in Chloride Solutions,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 139, 1622 (1992). download

11. Alan C. West, Michael Matlosz, and D. Landolt, “Primary Current Distribution in the Hull Cell and Related Trapezoidal Geometries,” J. Applied Electrochemistry, 22, 301 (1992). download

10. M. Matlosz, P.-H. Valloton, A. C. West, and D. Landolt, “Nonuniform Current Distribution and Thickness during Deposition onto Resistive Substrates,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 139, 752 (1992). download

9. A. C. West, C. Madore, M. Matlosz, and D. Landolt, “Shape Changes During Through-Mask Electrochemical Micromachining of Thin Metal Films,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 139, 499 (1992). download

8. C. Madore, A. C. West, M. Matlosz, and D. Landolt, “Design Considerations for a Cylindrical Hull Cell with Forced Convection,” Electrochimica Acta, 37, 69 (1992). download

7.  Alan C. West and John Newman, “Determining Current Distributions Governed by Laplace’s Equation,” Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry ,23, edited by B. E. Conway et al. (1992).

6. Alan C. West and John Newman, “Current Distributions on Recessed Electrodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 138, 1620 (1991). download

5. Alan C. West, Michael Matlosz, and D. Landolt, “Normalized and Average Current Distributions on Unevenly Spaced Patterns,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 138, 728 (1991). download

4. Alan C. West, Johannes H. Sukamto, and John Newman, “A Criterion to Verify Current Distribution Calculations,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 137, 2745 (1990). download

3. Alan C. West and John Newman, “Interpretation of Kinetic Rate Data Taken in a Channel Flow Cell,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 136, 3755 (1989). download

2.  Alan C. West and John Newman, “Current Distribution Near an Electrode Edge as a Primary Distribution is Approached,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 136, 2935 (1989). download

1. Alan C. West and John Newman, “Corrections to Kinetic Measurements Taken on a Disk Electrode,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 136, 139 (1989). download

Group Members

Group Members

Director – Alan C. West

Doctoral Students

Nicholas W. Brady

Christianna N. Lininger

Jonathan T. Vardner

Anna E. Dorfi

Masters Students

Sergio G. Sanchez

Alexios M. Perakis

Undergraduate Students

Campbell Donnelly

Christian Gould

 

 

Previous Group Members

Postdoctoral and Research Scientists

Robert von Gutfeld

Saeed Khaleghi Rahimian

Doctoral Students

Damla Eroglu

Billy Guan

Feng Qiao

Xiaoxuan Derek Sun

Ruixing Zhu

Roel D. Mercado

Kevin Knehr

Constantine Spanos

Harun Ozbakir

Masters Students

Alexandra P. Rodriguez

Yanbo Qi

Qian Zhang

Ali Goksua

Undergraduates

Sarah A. Berlinger